肖延高,邹亚,唐苗.标准必要专利许可费困境及其形成机制研究[J].中国科学院院刊,2018,33(3):256-264.

标准必要专利许可费困境及其形成机制研究

Research on Dilemma and Optimizing Mechanism of Royalties for Standard-essential Patents
作者
肖延高
电子科技大学 经济与管理学院 成都 611731
XIAO Yangao
School of Management and Economics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 611731, China
邹亚
电子科技大学 经济与管理学院 成都 611731
ZOU Ya
School of Management and Economics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 611731, China
唐苗
电子科技大学 经济与管理学院 成都 611731
TANG Miao
School of Management and Economics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 611731, China
中文关键词
         标准必要专利;FRAND原则;许可费;形成机制
英文关键词
        standard-essential patents (SEPs);FRAND;royalties;optimizing mechanism
中文摘要
        由于标准必要专利的"公平、合理和无歧视"原则是一项松散承诺,使得专利权人和标准实施者难以通过谈判就许可费达成一致,标准必要专利许可费困境业已成为学术界和企业界共同关注的课题。文章结合既有文献和司法判例,立足标准必要专利的共享性和私权性双重属性,厘清标准必要专利许可费困境的形成原因,分析标准必要专利许可费形成机制,进而总结标准必要专利许可费影响因素。这不仅有利于丰富标准必要专利许可费问题的理论研究,而且能为标准必要专利许可实践提供有益启示。
英文摘要
        It is difficult for the owner and licensee of standard-essential patents (SEPs) to reach an ex-ante agreement on royalties by negotiation when "fair, reasonable, and non-discriminatory" (FRAND) is a loose commitment. The dilemma of royalties of SEPs is a common hot issue for scholars and managers. This research indicates that it is the dual nature of shareability and private right, not publicly-owned and exclusive, which causes the dilemma of royalties of SEPs. Afterwards, this study compares five judicial methods, e.g. Hypothetical Negotiation, Patent Pool, Apportion Rule, Proportion Rule, and Analogy, and four mainstreams of economics, e.g. ex-ante Auction Model, ECPR & Shapley,Contribution Ratio & Top-Down, and Baseball-Style. The analysis shows that these economic methods provide some valuable explanations for judicial experiences and policies. Moreover, the key influential factors including technology, business, and legislation are developed.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.2018.03.005
作者简介
肖延高 电子科技大学经济与管理学院副院长,电子科技大学中细软知识产权管理研究中心主任,博士,副教授。主要从事知识产权管理、创新管理的研究。英国谢菲尔德大学和美国科罗拉多大学访问学者,兼任四川省知识经济促进会秘书长,四川省法学会知识产权法研究会副会长。
E-mail:xiaoyg@uestc.edu.cn
XIAO Yangao Deputy Dean and Associate Professor of the School of Management and Economics,University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC).His research interests include intellectual property management and innovation management.Dr.XIAO Yangao did research as visiting scholar in the University of Sheffield and the University of Colorado.He is also the Secretary General of Sichuan Knowledge Economics Association,and Vice Chairman of the Intellectual Property Committee of Sichuan Law Society.
E-mail:xiaoyg@uestc.edu.cn
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