马碧玉.专利权运营活动解构及其必备要素分析[J].中国科学院院刊,2018,33(3):234-241.

专利权运营活动解构及其必备要素分析

Deconstruction of Patent Right Operation and Analysis of Essential Conditions
作者
马碧玉
云南大学 法学院 昆明 650500
MA Biyu
Law School, Yunnan University, Kunming 650500, China
中文关键词
         专利权;运营;实施转化
英文关键词
        patent right;operation;transformation
中文摘要
        专利权运营是专利权人为实现专利权价值而开展的一系列活动,这些活动与辅助专利权运营的中介服务活动,如评估、经纪、担保等活动存在本质区别。应该认识到专利权的价值来源于能够被实施转化。专利权的一切运营活动都应该围绕实施转化而展开,只有能够被实施转化的专利权,才具有被许可、被交叉许可或被转让的交易机会;只有能够交易流转的专利权才能作为适格的资产进行出资入股、质押、信托或证券化等运营;也只有被实施转化的专利权才会成为诉讼索赔的对象。在厘清专利权运营活动内容和特点的基础上,方可归纳出专利权运营的必备要素,即专利权本身需具备高质量、法律保护周延和产权明晰等特点;专利权运营的渠道需满足中介服务完备、交易规则明确、运营能力强等条件;产业界也需达到用户市场规模大,企业形成集群等要求。
英文摘要
        Patent right operation is a series of activities which focus on patent right value realization. These activities are different from intermediary service activities such as evaluation, broker, or guarantee. The value of patent comes from being transformed. Therefore, all the patent right operation activities should be carried out around patent transformation. Only the patent which could be transformed could get the opportunity to license, cross license, or transfer. Only the patent which could be transacted could be taken as assets to financially contribution, pledge, trust or securitization. And only the patent which is already transformed could be charged. Making clear the contents and traits of patent right operations is the start point for summarizing the necessary conditions of patent right operation, which covers patent, channel, and industry. The patent needs to be of high quality, clearly property, and with great legal protection. The channel needs to be with comprehensive intermediary service, transparent transaction rules, and great abilities. The industry needs to be on a large market and with cluster enterprises.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.2018.03.002
作者简介
马碧玉 云南大学法学院副教授,中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院博士后。主要研究领域包括知识产权制度,创新政策。
E-mail:ynmabiyu@126.com
MA Biyu Associate Professor of Law School of Yunnan University,and she is working on her post doctor research at Institutes of Science and Development,Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).Her current research interests include intellectual property system and innovation policies.
E-mail:ynmabiyu@126.com
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