刘云,桂秉修,冉奥博.中国专利联盟组建模式与运行机制研究——基于案例调查[J].中国科学院院刊,2018,33(3):225-233.

中国专利联盟组建模式与运行机制研究——基于案例调查

Study on Forming Mode and Operating Mechanism of China's Patent Alliance: Based on Case Investigation
作者
刘云
中国科学院大学 公共政策与管理学院 北京 100049;北京理工大学 管理与经济学院 北京 100081
LIU Yun
School of Public Policy and Management, University of Chinese Academy Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;School of Management and Economics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
桂秉修
北京理工大学 管理与经济学院 北京 100081
GUI Bingxiu
School of Management and Economics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
冉奥博
清华大学 社会科学学院 北京 100084
RAN Aobo
School of Social Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
中文关键词
         专利联盟;组建模式;运行机制
英文关键词
        patent alliance;forming mode;operation mechanism
中文摘要
        以在国家知识产权局备案的典型专利联盟为研究对象,从组建动因、组织机构、联盟运营等方面开展调研,分析不同行业背景、不同发展阶段的专利联盟的共性和个性特征。研究表明:(1)现阶段中国专利联盟的组建以防御外来风险、降低行业内耗、响应政府政策和推动行业标准发展为主要动因;(2)中国新兴的专利联盟以社会团体型和合作组织型联盟为主,少量专利联盟为实体公司型;(3)现阶段专利联盟的主要工作包括为联盟企业提供知识产权相关服务,推进行业标准发展,追踪竞争对手动态,增强知识产权侵权谈判能力等。最后,对典型专利联盟的性质和运行机制进行总结,并对中国专利联盟下一步的发展提出了建议。
英文摘要
        This study takes the typical patent alliance registered in the State Intellectual Property Office as the research object, investigates and studies from the aspects of formation motivation, organization, and operation, and analyzes the commonalities and individual characteristics of the patent alliance with different industry backgrounds and stages of development. The research shows that:(1) the establishment of China Patent Union at the present stage is mainly driven by the prevention of foreign risks, the reduction of internal friction, the response to government policies, and the development of industry standards; (2) the emerging patent alliance in China is based on social groups and cooperative organizations; (3) at the present stage, the main tasks of the patent alliance include providing intellectual property related services to the affiliate companies, promoting the development of industry standards, tracking the dynamics of competitors, and enhancing the capacity of IPR infringement negotiations. Finally, this paper summarizes the nature and operational experience of the typical patent alliance, and puts forward suggestions for the next development of the patent alliance in China.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.2018.03.001
作者简介
刘云 中国科学院大学公共政策与管理学院副院长、教授、博士生导师。主要从事科技评价、科技政策、创新管理、知识管理等领域的研究工作。担任中国科学学与科技政策研究会常务理事、中国软科学研究会常务理事、中国技术经济学会理事、清华大学技术创新研究中心学术委员会委员、美国佐治亚理工大学客座研究员等。主持国家"973"计划前期研究专项、国家自然科学基金重点项目、国家国际科技合作计划专项等课题60多项,发表学术论文200多篇,出版专著9部,获多项省部级科技奖。作为专家组成员参与《国家中长期科学和技术发展规划纲要(2006-2020年)》等多项国家科技规划的研究、起草和评估工作。
E-mail:liuyun@ucas.ac.cn
LIU Yun Deputy Dean,Professor,and Doctoral Tutor at the School of Public Policy and Management,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences.His research interests focus on R&D evaluation,science and technology policy,innovation management,knowledge management,etc.He also serves as the execuive director of Chinese Association for Science of Science and S&T Policy Research,China Society of Soft Science,Director of China Technology Economics Association,academic committee of Technological Innovation Research Center of Tsinghua University,visiting researcher of Georgia Institute of Technology.He has presided over more than 60 national research projects such as 973 programs,key project of National Natural Science Foundation of China and project of National International Cooperation of S&T Programme.He has published over 200 academic papers,9 monographs,and won many provincial science and technology awards.As a member of the expert group,he participated in the research,drafting,and evaluation of many national science and technology plans such as the Outline of the National Medium and Long-term Science and Technology Development Plan (2006-2020).
E-mail:liuyun@ucas.ac.cn
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