徐仁扣,李九玉,周世伟,徐明岗,沈仁芳.我国农田土壤酸化调控的科学问题与技术措施[J].中国科学院院刊,2018,(2):160-167.

我国农田土壤酸化调控的科学问题与技术措施

Scientific Issues and Controlling Strategies of Soil Acidification of Croplands in China
作者
徐仁扣
中国科学院南京土壤研究所 土壤与农业可持续发展国家重点实验室 南京 210008
XU Renkou
Key State Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
李九玉
中国科学院南京土壤研究所 土壤与农业可持续发展国家重点实验室 南京 210008
LI Jiuyu
Key State Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
周世伟
中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所 北京 100081
ZHOU Shiwei
Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
徐明岗
中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所 北京 100081;中国热带农业科学院亚热带植物研究所 湛江 524091
XU Minggang
Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China;South Subtropical Crops Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Zhanjiang 524091, China
沈仁芳
中国科学院南京土壤研究所 土壤与农业可持续发展国家重点实验室 南京 210008
SHEN Renfang
Key State Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
中文关键词
         土壤酸化;酸化阻控技术;酸性土壤改良;科学问题
英文关键词
        soil acidification;inhibition of soil acidification;amelioration of acidic soils;scientific issues
中文摘要
        我国南方日趋严重的农田土壤酸化不仅导致农作物大幅度减产甚至绝收,而且促进重金属等有害物质在农产品中吸收累积,威胁国家粮食安全和民众健康。但因酸性土壤分布详情不清,作物酸害阈值不明,土壤酸化预测的研究不足,酸化防治技术严重缺乏,红壤酸化没有得到有效控制。采取有效措施改良酸化农田土壤、遏制土壤的持续酸化,将热带和亚热带地区的土壤酸度维持在较低水平,对我国农业可持续发展和乡村振兴战略的实施具有重要意义。
英文摘要
        Soil acidification of croplands in South of China became serious in recent decades. This not only led to the reduction in crop yields, but also enhanced uptake and accumulation of heavy metals in agricultural products, which threatened peoples' health. The main scientific issues for soil acidification control are:(1) the distribution of acidic soils in detail and the critical pH and soil Al concentration to harm various crops are not clear; (2) the prediction of soil acidification trends needs to be investigated; (3) the controlling strategies for soil acidification need to be developed. It is significant for sustainable agriculture and revitalizing rural economy to develop various technologies to ameliorate soil acidity and inhibit soil acidification and thus maintain soil acidity at low level.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.2018.02.005
作者简介
徐仁扣 中国科学院南京土壤研究所研究员,土壤化学与环境保护研究室主任,博士研究生导师。中国土壤学会土壤化学专业委员会副主任,国际科学基金科学顾问。主要从事土壤酸化机制与调控对策和土壤表面化学研究。E-mail:rkxu@issas.ac.cn
XU Renkou Received Ph.D.degree from Institute of Soil Science,Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in 1997.He is a research professor in Institute of Soil Science,CAS,and the director of Department of Soil Chemistry and Environmental Protection of the institute.He is also deputy director of Special Committee of Soil Chemistry in Soil Science Society of China.He focuses on the mechanisms and controlling strategies of soil acidification and soil surface chemistry.E-mail:rkxu@issas.ac.cn
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