沈仁芳,王超,孙波.“藏粮于地、藏粮于技”战略实施中的土壤科学与技术问题[J].中国科学院院刊,2018,(2):135-144.

“藏粮于地、藏粮于技”战略实施中的土壤科学与技术问题

Soil Related Scientific and Technological Problems in Implementing Strategy of “Storing Grain in Land and Technology”
作者
沈仁芳
中国科学院南京土壤研究所 土壤与农业可持续发展国家重点实验室 南京 210008
SHEN Renfang
State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
王超
中国科学院南京土壤研究所 土壤与农业可持续发展国家重点实验室 南京 210008
WANG Chao
State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
孙波
中国科学院南京土壤研究所 土壤与农业可持续发展国家重点实验室 南京 210008
SUN Bo
State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
中文关键词
         藏粮于地;藏粮于技;耕地资源;地力提升;可持续利用
英文关键词
        Storing Grain in Land;Storing Grain in Technology;arable land resources;improvement of land resources;sustainable utilization
中文摘要
        “藏粮于地、藏粮于技”战略是国家“十三五”规划的新途径,是保障我国粮食生产和安全的必然选择。提升耕地质量和确保耕地资源的可持续利用,是实现“藏粮于地、藏粮于技”战略的基本保障和具体途径。目前我国耕地资源环境面临着多重挑战,需要依靠科技创新不断提升耕地地力。文章分析了我国耕地质量现状以及耕地资源保护和可持续利用中需要解决的问题和发展方向,并从“藏粮于地、藏粮于技”战略实施的角度,针对我国耕地资源特点,探讨了提升基础耕地地力的途径,提出了耕地资源可持续管理问题,旨在为“藏粮于地、藏粮于技”战略实施提供一定参考。
英文摘要
        The strategy of "Storing Grain in Land and Technology" is a new way of national "13th Five-Year Plan", and also the inevitable choice to guarantee the food production and security. Improving the quality of cultivated land and ensuring the sustainable utilization of cultivated land resources are the basic guarantee and way to realize the strategy of "Storing Grain in Land and Technology". At present, the cultivated land resources and environment in China are faced with multiple challenges, and the continuous improvement of the cultivated land resources rely on scientific and technological innovation. This article analyzes the present situation of the land quality, the problems and development directions of the protection and sustainable utilization of cultivated land resources. From the perspective of the strategy of "Storing Grain in Land and Technology", we discuss the way to enhance the basic soil fertility and put forward the sustainable management of arable land resources, based on the characteristics of cultivated land resources. The aim is to provide some reference for the strategy implementation of "Storing Grain in Land and Technology".
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.2018.02.002
作者简介
沈仁芳 中国科学院南京土壤研究所所长,研究员,长期从事酸性土壤改良与利用研究。中国科学院"百人计划"入选者,国家"跨世纪百千万人才工程"入选者,国家杰出青年基金获得者,"973"项目首席科学家。中国土壤学会理事长,中国农学会副会长,Pedosphere主编,第七、八、九届"低pH值下植物-土壤相互作用系列国际会议(PSILPH)"国际指导委员会委员。发表学术论文170余篇,主编专著2部,荣获中科院科技促进发展奖二等奖和中国土壤学会科技奖一等奖各1项。E-mail:rfshen@issas.ac.cn
SHEN Renfang Professor and the director general of Institute of Soil Science,Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).Prof.Shen has long been involved in the research of improving and utilizing acid soils,and is the member of the International Steering Committee of 7th,8th,and 9th International Symposium on Plant-Soil Interactions at Low pH (PSILPH).He is the winners of National Natural Science Foundation of China for Distinguished Young Scholars,"Hundred Talents Program" of CAS,and state level "Cross-Century Talent Program".In addition,he is the Chief Scientist for National "973" Program,the president of Soil Science Society of China,vice president of China Association of Agricultural Science Societies,and the Editor-in-Chief of Pedosphere.He has published more than 170 academic papers and two books.Prof.Shen was awarded the second prize of Science and Technology Promotion Development of CAS and the first prize of Science and Technology of Soil Science Society of China.E-mail:rfshen@issas.ac.cn
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