张志强,苏娜.国际一流智库的研究方法创新[J].中国科学院院刊,2017,(12):1371-1378.

国际一流智库的研究方法创新

Analysis on Methodology Development of World-leading Think Tanks
作者
张志强
中国科学院成都文献情报中心 成都 610041
Zhang Zhiqiang
Chengdu Library and Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China
苏娜
中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院 北京 100190
Su Na
Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
中文关键词
         智库;研究方法;方法创新和应用
英文关键词
        think tank;methodology;method innovation and application
中文摘要
        国际一流智库普遍重视研究方法的创新和发展。智库从兴起之初就伴随着研究方法创新。研究方法创新不仅是智库生存发展的需要,更是智库顺利开展高质量规范性战略与政策研究的有力方法和工具,同时也是高水平智库的重要研究成果产出。国际一流智库的研究方法创新与应用主要有4种类型:原创性新理论与新方法、指标体系与指数类方法、模型模拟方法和特色方法的创新与应用等。文章以美国兰德公司、欧盟联合研究中心、日本科技与学术政策研究所等国际一流智库作为案例,剖析了国际一流智库研究方法创新和应用的发展情况。最后,对我国建设有国际影响力的中国特色新型智库提出了研究方法创新的建议。
英文摘要
        The methodologies, which are both the helpful methods and tools for the research on strategic and policy issues and also the important output of think tanks, have been evolving ever since the emerging period of modern think tanks. The innovation and application of methodologies by world-leading think tanks can be classified into four categories. They are the original innovation of single theory/method, indicators or index-based method, modeling and simulation, and specialized method innovation and application. Taken the world-leading think tanks such as RAND, NISTEP, Joint Research Centre of EU for case studies, methods innovation and application are explored in details in this study. Based on these analysis, suggestions for method innovation for China's new-type think tanks are proposed in the paper.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.2017.12.011
作者简介
张志强 中科院成都文献情报中心主任,研究员、博士、博士生导师,中科院特聘核心研究员。"新世纪百千万人才工程"国家级人选。独立或合作出版专著(编著)20部、出版译著13部、发表论文400余篇。获得省部级科技进步奖、社会科学优秀成果奖等科技成果奖励18项。主要研究领域:科技战略与规划、科技政策与管理、情报学理论方法与应用、生态经济学与可持续发展等。E-mail:zhangzq@clas.ac.cn
Zhang Zhiqiang Professor,Ph.D.,doctorial tutor,Director of Chengdu Library and Information Center of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS),and candidate of the New Century National Talents Project.His major research fields are strategic planning for scientific and technologic development,scientific policy and research management,methods and applications of information analysis,ecological economics,and sustainable development.He has published more than 400 articles,independently and collaborately authored 20 books,and translated 13 books.He has also achieved 15 ministry level awards.E-mail:zhangzq@clas.ac.cn
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