胡鞍钢,任皓.2050中国:全面建成世界科技创新强国[J].中国科学院院刊,2017,(12):1341-1346.

2050中国:全面建成世界科技创新强国

2050 China: World's Sci-tech Innovation Superpower
作者
胡鞍钢
清华大学 公共管理学院 北京 100084;清华大学 国情研究院 北京 100084
Hu Angang
School of Public Policy & Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;Institute of Contemporary China Studies, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
任皓
清华大学 公共管理学院 北京 100084;清华大学 国情研究院 北京 100084
Ren Hao
School of Public Policy & Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;Institute of Contemporary China Studies, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
中文关键词
         世界科技创新强国;社会主义现代化强国;创新驱动;2050
英文关键词
        world's sci-tech superpower;great modern socialist country;innovation-driven;2050
中文摘要
        习近平总书记在党的十九大报告中提出的到21世纪中叶把我国建成富强民主文明和谐美丽的社会主义现代化强国的宏伟蓝图与战略规划,开启了我国全面建设世界强国的新时代。世界科技创新强国作为社会主义现代化强国建设的重要组成部分,其战略目标的实现与发展道路选择无疑成为我国当前科技工作以及创新驱动发展战略实施的重中之重。文章从社会主义现代化强国建设的大背景出发,通过回顾我国科技发展历程与战略路径选择,从人才、科技、经济、产业相结合的多重视角,前瞻性地讨论了2050年中国建成世界科技创新强国的政策与路径选择,提出了中国特色制度优势是实现2050年世界科技创新强国的最大保障。
英文摘要
        General Secretary Xi Jinping put forward the grand blueprint and strategic layout in the 19th National Congress of Communist Party of China (CPC) that by the middle of 21st century we will develop China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful, hence commencing a new era of building a world superpower. Sci-tech and innovation strength is an essential part of that. Consequently, the accomplishment of the strategic objects of building muscle in science, technology, and innovation and the choice of development path are no doubt among the top priorities to China's current sci-tech construction and the implementation of innovation driven development strategy. This article starts with this macro background, through a review of the past strategic paths chosen, prospectively discusses the policies that would be designed and path taken to build China into a world's sci-tech innovation giant by 2050 from multi-perspectives in terms of talents, sci-tech, economy, and industry. It also further proposes that the advantage of China's institution is the biggest guarantee for China to bolster its science and technology.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.2017.12.008
作者简介
胡鞍钢 清华大学公共管理学院教授、博士生导师,清华大学国情研究院院长。1953年生,辽宁鞍山人,1988年获中科院工学博士学位。中共"十八大"代表,"十一五""十二五""十三五"规划专家委员会委员,农业部专家委员会委员,"中国经济50人论坛"成员。至今已出版各类著作80余本,近期著作有《中国新理念:五大发展》《中国:决胜百年目标》《"十三五"大战略》《超级中国》《民主决策——中国集体领导制》《中国特色新型智库——胡鞍钢的观点》《2020中国:全面建成小康社会》《2030中国:迈向共同富裕》《中国:创新绿色发展》等。曾获国家科技进步奖三等奖、国家杰出青年科学基金、中科院科技进步奖一等奖、复旦管理学杰出贡献奖等奖励。E-mail:anganghu@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
Hu Angang One of the pioneers and leading authorities in the realm of Contemporary China Studies.He now serves as the Dean of the Institute of Contemporary China Studies of Tsinghua University and Professor of School of Public Policy & Management of Tsinghua University.He is also a member of the Advisory Committee for the Thirteenth and Twelfth Five-Year Plans under National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC),a member of the Advisory Committee of the National Disaster Mitigation Committee,and a member of the Advisory Committee under Ministry of Agriculture of China.He was elected as the representative of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) in 2012.Hu spent his early year in the rural area as educated youth.He started his studying after the resume of College Entrance Examination in 1977.Hu earned his Ph.D.degree in Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1988.He conducted his postdoctoral research at Yale University.He was a visiting scholar in Harvard University,Oxford University,Waseda University,and World Bank Institute.Hu has published about 70 books.His latest works are The Grand Strategy of China's 13th Five-Year Program (2015),Super China (2015),New Think Tank with Chinese Characteristics:HU Angang's Views (2014),Collective Presidency in China (2013),China:Innovative Green Development (2012),and 2030 China:Towards Common Affluence (2011).Hu is awarded the Youth Entrust of National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC),Fudan Premium Fund of Management,Third Award of the State Science and Technology Progress Awards,and the First Prize of Science and Technology Progress Awards of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.E-mail:anganghu@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
任皓 清华大学公共管理学院博士研究生。研究方向为中国经济发展与结构转型。E-mail:renh14@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn
Ren Hao Ph.D.candidate in School of Public Policy & Management,Tsinghua University.His research focuses on China's economic development and structure transformation.E-mail:renh14@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn
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