夏军,张永勇.雄安新区建设水安全保障面临的问题与挑战[J].中国科学院院刊,2017,(11):1199-1205.

雄安新区建设水安全保障面临的问题与挑战

Water Resource and Pollution Safeguard for Xiongan New Area Construction and Its Sustainable Development
作者
夏军
中国科学院水资源研究中心 北京 100010;武汉大学水安全研究院 武汉 430072
Xia Jun
Center for Water Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100010, China;Research Institute for Water Security, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
张永勇
中国科学院水资源研究中心 北京 100010
Zhang Yongyong
Center for Water Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100010, China
中文关键词
         水资源;水安全;可持续发展;雄安新区
英文关键词
        water resource;water security;sustainable development;Xiongan New Area
中文摘要
        河北雄安新区建设是我国的千年大计、国家大事,是集中疏解北京非首都功能、推进京津冀协同发展的重要举措。雄安新区位于华北白洋淀地区,面临缺水和水环境与水生态等多个影响的风险问题与挑战。文章从水安全和可持续水资源管理的学科前沿出发,重点探讨了目前雄安新区建设主要面临的水资源、水质和水生态安全等问题,分析未来建设可能存在的风险及风险成因;提出应对风险的几点对策与建议,包括:开源节流并重,严厉控制污染排放;加强全流域生态修复和白洋淀生态补水等措施;实施流域水资源综合管理,实现供水向需水管理的转变。
英文摘要
        The construction of Xiongan New Area is a fundamental task that is crucial for generations and a national affair of China, and is also a significant measure to ease non-capital functions of Beijing City and to promote coordinated developments of Jing-Jin-Ji Region. According to the discipline frontiers of water security and sustainable water resource management, this study discussed major water issues emerged in the current construction of Xiongan New Area and Baiyang Lake, including water resource shortage, pollution, and ecological deterioration. Their causes were investigated thoroughly. Some suggestions are proposed to ensure the construction and sustainable development of Xiongan New Area. Integrated water resource management should be implemented to change water policy from water supply management to water demand management. Both new water source exploration and local water saving should be paid equal attention, and pollution emissions should be strictly controlled. Meanwhile, ecological restoration should be carried out in the whole basin and ecological water compensation of Baiyang Lake should be strengthened as well. The study is expected to provide some suggestions and consultations on water resource and environment issues during the construction of Xiongan New Area.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.2017.11.004
作者简介
夏军,中科院院士,武汉大学水安全研究中心主任、教授,中科院水资源研究中心主任。主要研究领域包括:系统水文学,水资源可持续利用,生态水文,气候变化影响与适应性水管理。E-mail:xiajun666@whu.edu.cn
Xia Jun Academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS),Chair Professor&Director,Research Institute for Water Security (RIWS),Wuhan University,Distinguished Professor&Director,Center for Water Resources Research,CAS (CWRR-CAS).His main research fields include system hydrology,sustainable utilization of water resources,eco-hydrology,and climate change impact and adaptable water management.E-mail:xiajun666@whu.edu.cn
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