张超星,边文越,王海名,邢颖,冷伏海.世界主要国家纳米科技发展前瞻/部署分析研究[J].中国科学院院刊,2017,(10):1142-1149.

世界主要国家纳米科技发展前瞻/部署分析研究

Analysis of Nanoscience and Technology Plans of Main Countries
作者
张超星
中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院 北京 100190
Zhang Chaoxing
Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
边文越
中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院 北京 100190
Bian Wenyue
Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
王海名
中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院 北京 100190
Wang Haiming
Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
邢颖
中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院 北京 100190
Xing Ying
Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
冷伏海
中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院 北京 100190
Leng Fuhai
Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
中文关键词
         纳米科技发展计划;战略目标和部署;计划研究领域;区别/共性;世界主要国家
英文关键词
        nanoscience and technology plans;strategic goal and deployment;research areas;similarities and difference;main countries
中文摘要
        文章调研和分析了近年来包括我国在内的世界主要国家发布的35份纳米科技战略计划和报告。首先,从投资力度、科研人员、研发重心、平台建设、教育等角度分析了各国发展纳米科技发展前瞻或部署的共性。其次,鉴于各国的国情不同,分析了各国前瞻/部署的总体方向和实现目标的异同,主要分析了美国、日本、韩国、德国、欧盟、澳大利亚及中国在纳米科技战略部署上的特色和侧重。最后,通过对纳米科技发展前瞻/部署的深度挖掘和分析,将获取的35份报告中涉及的研究方向按照生物、环境、能源、器件与制造、测量、仪器设备、标准与安全等7个领域进行比较分析,发现各国较为重视纳米生物领域的研究,此领域在各国的纳米科技战略计划中多有涉及,而纳米标准与安全的相关研究战略则在较少国家的纳米战略计划中被提及。
英文摘要
        This paper analyzed 35 nanoscience and technology reports or plans published by the main countries of the world in recent years. Firstly, from the perspective of investment, researchers, focus of research, platforms, education, etc., the general characteristics of these plans of main countries were given. Secondly, in view of the different status of each country, the similarities and differences of the plans in goals and the ways of achieving them were analyzed, with US, Japan, Korea, Germany, EU, Australia, and China were the mainly studied objects. At last, by deep mining and analyzing, the paper compared the features and emphases of the concrete research directions mentioned in the reports and plans, which are divided into seven research areas such as biology, energy, environment areas, etc. It is found:more countries are interested in nanobiology, which is mentioned in reports and plans many times; yet the related deployment on standard and safety of nanotechnology is relatively scarce.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.2017.10.013
作者简介
张超星 中科院科技战略咨询院助理研究员。研究方向:情报分析
Zhang chaoxing Research Associate,Institutes of Science and Development,Chinese Academy of Sciences.The main research field includes information analysis.E-mail:zhangchaoxing@casipm.ac.cn
冷伏海 男,中科院科技战略咨询院研究员,管理学博士。研究方向:情报分析
Leng fuhai Male,Professor,Institutes of Science and Development,Chinese Academy of Sciences,received Ph.D.degree from University of Chinese Academy of Sciences.The main research field includes information analysis.E-mail:lengfuhai@casipm.ac.cn
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