朱立志.秸秆综合利用与秸秆产业发展[J].中国科学院院刊,2017,(10):1125-1132.

秸秆综合利用与秸秆产业发展

Straw Utilization and Industrial Development
作者
朱立志
中国农业科学院农业经济与发展研究所 北京 100081
Zhu Lizhi
Institute of Agricultural Economics and Development, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
中文关键词
         秸秆产业;大农产品观念;循环增值
英文关键词
        straw industry;concept of big agro-products;value-added cycle
中文摘要
        我国是秸秆生产大国,提高秸秆利用率实质上等于提高了农业资源的产出率。必须把秸秆当作农产品一样看待,在收储运等产业链环节上下功夫,把秸秆产业做大做强。我国目前尚未得到利用的秸秆如果能被充分利用,相当于增加了21%-27%的农业资源。我国地域辽阔,秸秆利用模式不能千篇一律,即使是同一地方也要多样化。要借鉴国外秸秆综合利用的政策和措施,重视技术集成创新,建立有效的秸秆收储运体系,制定并落实秸秆综合利用的扶持政策,全面开展秸秆资源量调查,编制秸秆综合利用规划,注重政策法规的落实,有效利用国际碳基金,并将秸秆利用纳入新农村建设环境评估奖励体系。
英文摘要
        China is the largest producer of straw, improving utilization of straw is substantially equal to raise the yield of agricultural resources. Straw should be treated as same as agricultural products, working on the collection, storage and other industrial chain links to make the straw industry bigger and stronger. If the not utilized straw could be fully recycled, an increase of 21%-27% of agricultural resources would be reached. Straw using patterns cannot be the same in China's vast area, even in the same place, they should be diversified. We should learn policies and measures of straw utilization from other countries and emphasis on innovation of technology integration, establish an effective system of collection-storage-transportation, develop and implement support policies, carry out a comprehensive survey of straw resources, compile straw utilization planning, focus on the implementation of regulations, use international carbon funds effectively, and put the straw utilization in environmental assessment reward system of the new rural building.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.2017.10.011
作者简介
朱立志 中国农科院农业资源环境经济与政策创新团队首席科学家,农业经济与发展研究所高级研究员、博士生导师。德国波恩大学农业经济专业博士。兼任中国国外农业经济研究会副会长、《全国农业可持续发展规划(2015-2030年)》专家撰写组负责人、中国绿色农业服务联盟副主席、农业部工程建设项目评估专家、农业部农业环境污染咨询委员会委员、北京大学中国信用研究中心特邀研究员、世行亚行中国项目咨询专家、Asian Agricultural Research期刊编委。E-mail:zhulizhi@caas.cn
Zhu Lizhi Chief Scientist of the Innovation Team for Agricultural Resources and Environmental Economic Policies of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS),Senior Researcher of the Institute of Agricultural Economics and Development in CAAS,Vice President of China's Foreign Agricultural Economic Research Council,Vice President of China Green Agriculture Service Alliance,Member of Environmental Pollution Advisory Committee of Ministry of Agriculture,Distinguished Researcher at the Chinese Credit Research Center of Peking University,Member of the Editorial Board of Asian Agricultural Research.E-mail:zhulizhi@caas.cn
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