杨红生.海岸带生态农牧场新模式构建设想与途径——以黄河三角洲为例[J].中国科学院院刊,2017,(10):1111-1117.

海岸带生态农牧场新模式构建设想与途径——以黄河三角洲为例

Conception and Approach on New Model of Ecological Farm and Ranch Constructions in Coastal Zone——A Case of the Yellow River Delta, China
作者
杨红生
中国科学院烟台海岸带研究所 烟台 264003;中国科学院海洋研究所 青岛 266071
Yang Hongsheng
Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai 264003, China;Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China
中文关键词
         海岸带;生态连通性;生态农牧场;黄河三角洲
英文关键词
        coastal zone;ecological connectivity;ecological farm and ranch;Yellow River Delta
中文摘要
        全球气候变化及人类活动加剧等背景下,我国海岸带区域发展遭受显著影响,生态脆弱性异常突出,面临诸多严峻挑战。目前,海岸带区域相对独立发展的盐碱地农业、滩涂养殖和海洋牧场,已无法满足现代农业的发展要求。亟待查明陆海连通性的影响机制和调控途径,采用新设施和新工程技术,建立基于生态系统管理理念的海岸带生态农牧场新模式。文章以我国海岸带区域发展的典型和缩影——黄河三角洲为例,分析了海岸带资源、环境现状及存在的问题;基于海岸带区域盐碱地开发与海洋牧场产业发展现状与需求,论述了海岸带生态农牧场的建设理念、建设内容、科学问题、关键技术和发展途径,以期为我国海岸带保护与持续利用提供参考。
英文摘要
        As a model and epitome of coastal zone development in China, the Yellow River Delta region is being significantly affected by global climate change and human activities. Its ecological vulnerability is exceptionally prominent and confronted with numerous severe challenges. At present, relatively independent operations of saline land agriculture, tidal flat aquaculture, and marine ranching cannot satisfy the developmental requirements of modern agriculture in coastal zone. It is therefore urgent to ascertain the impact mechanism and regulation approach of ecological connectivity between land and sea, utilize advanced facilities and engineering technology, and establish a new model of ecological farm and ranch in coastal zone based on ecosystem management concept. Taking the Yellow River Delta as an example, the current situation and issues of coastal environment and resources were analyzed. Based on the present situations and requirements of saline land development and marine ranching industry in coastal zone, the author discussed the construction concept, construction contents, scientific questions, key technology and development approach to coastal ecological farm and ranch, so as to provide references for the protection and sustainable utilization of coastal zone in China.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.2017.10.009
作者简介
杨红生 中科院海洋所和烟台海岸带所常务副所长、研究员、博士生导师,博士。中国海洋湖沼学会副理事长兼秘书长,棘皮动物分会理事长。2009年入选"新世纪百千万人才工程"国家级人选和"山东省有突出贡献的中青年专家",2015年入选"泰山学者"特聘专家。长期从事养殖生态与养殖设施、生境修复与资源养护、刺参生物学与遗传育种等研究。E-mail:hshyang@yic.ac.cn或hshyang@qdio.ac.cn
Yang Hongsheng Received B.Sc.degree from Huazhong Agricultural University of Aquaculture,Wuhan,Hubei,and M.Sc.degree from Huazhong Agricultural University of Hydrobiology,and Ph.D.degree from Ocean University of China of Aquaculture,Qingdao,Shandong,in 1986,1989,1996 respectively.He is currently the professor,doctorial supervisor,and executive deputy director of Institute of Oceanology,Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS),and Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research,CAS;and the vice president and secretary general of Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology,and the president of Echinoderm Branch.He was awarded "New Century Millions of Talents Project" National Candidate in 2010, "Outstanding Contribution Expert of Shandong" in 2010,and "Distinguished Expert of Taishan Scholar" in 2015.He has been focusing on the research in aquacultural ecology and facility,habitat restoration and resource conservation,biology and selective breeding of sea cucumber,etc.E-mail:hshyang@qdio.ac.cn or hshyang@yio.ac.cn
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