周静,胡芹远,章力干,刘海龙,游来勇.从供给侧改革思考我国肥料和土壤调理剂产业现状、问题与发展对策[J].中国科学院院刊,2017,(10):1103-1110.

从供给侧改革思考我国肥料和土壤调理剂产业现状、问题与发展对策

Key Scientific Problems and Development Countermeasures of Fertilizer Industry Based on Agricultural Supply-side Reform
作者
周静
中国科学院南京土壤研究所 中国科学院土壤环境与污染修复重点实验室 南京 210008;中国科学院红壤生态实验站 国家红壤改良工程技术研究中心 鹰潭 335211
Zhou Jing
Key Laboratory of Soil Environment and Pollution Remediation, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China;National Engineering and Research Technology Center for Red Soil Improvement, Red Soil Ecological Experiment Station, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yingtan 335211, China
胡芹远
安徽省农业委员会 土壤肥料工作总站 合肥 230001
Hu Qinyuan
Station of Soil and Fertilizer of Anhui Province, Hefei 230001, China
章力干
安徽农业大学 资源与环境学院 合肥 230036
Zhang Ligan
School of Resources and Environment, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036, China
刘海龙
中国科学院南京土壤研究所 中国科学院土壤环境与污染修复重点实验室 南京 210008;中国科学院大学 北京 100049
Liu Hailong
Key Laboratory of Soil Environment and Pollution Remediation, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
游来勇
中国科学院南京土壤研究所 中国科学院土壤环境与污染修复重点实验室 南京 210008
You Laiyong
Key Laboratory of Soil Environment and Pollution Remediation, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
中文关键词
         肥料产业;现状与问题;发展建议;农业供给侧改革
英文关键词
        fertilizer industry;current situation and problems;development proposals;agricultural supply-side reform
中文摘要
        肥料作为重要的生产资料,是农业可持续发展的物质基础,农业发展离不开肥料产业的支撑;推进农业供给侧结构性改革,肥料产业是绕不过去的一个环节。当前我国肥料产业面临着传统肥料产能过剩、不合理施肥导致的资源能源浪费、环境污染、耕地退化、农产品质量安全等一系列问题,行业发展亟待破局。文章从基层肥料市场和农业生产调研入手,以肥料产业支撑农业供给侧结构性调整的角度,较系统地阐释了我国肥料产业的现状、问题,提出了肥料和土壤调理剂产业可持续发展应以推进农业供给侧结构性改革为主线,以市场为导向,以满足国家粮食安全、优质绿色农产品供给、增加农民收入为主要目标的对策建议。
英文摘要
        As a crucial procreative material in agriculture, fertilizer is the material basis for the sustainable development of agriculture. The fertilizer industry is an important link in promoting the agricultural supply-side structural reform. However, the current fertilizer industry in China also faces a series of problems, such as excess capacity, low nutrient utilization, and unreasonable fertilization, resulting in waste of resources, environmental pollution, and soil degradation of cultivated land, and thus the fertilizer industry development model needs to be changed. This paper explains the current problems and causes of fertilizer industry in China from the fertilizer market date sets based on the survey on fertilizer industry and agricultural production. The proposals and measures were put forward around the concept that the sustainable development of fertilizer and soil remediation industry should be based on the promotion of agricultural supply-side structural reform, be market-oriented, and bear the main objectives to meet the national food security, supply the high-quality green agricultural products, and increase farmers' income.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.2017.10.008
作者简介
周静 中科院南京土壤所研究员,博士生导师。中科院红壤生态实验站副站长,国家红壤改良工程技术研究中心副主任,江西省重金属污染生态修复工程中心主任。主要从事土壤调理剂等新型肥料研制、土壤污染修复领域技术研究和工程示范。主持建立了目前国内修复面积最大的重金属污染土壤修复示范工程,效果受到当地干群和环保部门的赞誉及国务院领导同志的关注。E-mail:zhoujing@issas.ac.cn
Zhou Jing Professor,doctorial tutor of Institute of Soil Science,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Deputy Director of National Engineering and Research Technology Center for Red Soil Improvement.He has been mainly engaged in the technology research for remediation of soil pollution and demonstration project.He has presided over the establishment of the largest remediation demonstration project for heavy metal pollution in China,which has been praised by the local people and the environmental protection department and led the attention of the leaders of the State Council.E-mail:zhoujing@issas.ac.cn
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