王亚华.提升农村集体行动能力加快农业科技进步[J].中国科学院院刊,2017,(10):1096-1102.

提升农村集体行动能力加快农业科技进步

Enhancing Rural Collective Action to Promote Agricultural Technological Progress
作者
王亚华
清华大学公共管理学院 北京 100084;清华大学中国农村研究院 北京 100084;清华大学国情研究院 北京 100084
Wang Yahua
School of Public Policy and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;Institute for Contemporary China Studies, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;China Institute for Rural Studies, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
中文关键词
         集体行动;农村公共事物;科技进步;制度创新;农村治理
英文关键词
        collective action;rural commons;science and technology progress;institutional innovation;rural governance
中文摘要
        科技进步对于促进农业供给侧改革意义重大。文章引入集体行动的视角,为科学理解和促进农业科技进步提供启示。我国农村公共事物治理和公共物品供给中的集体行动能力下降,是制约农业科技进步特别是协作性技术扩散的重要原因。农村集体行动面临的困境,可以归结为十大因素。同时,也存在有利于农村集体行动的四大因素。破解农村集体行动困境,加快农业科技进步,需要着眼于农村治理的全局,全面提升农村集体行动能力。具体政策取向包括:强化基层治理能力和公共服务体系建设;积极发展专业化服务和农村多元合作治理;大力发展农村电子商务和农村电子政务服务;重视和加强乡村文化建设和民主法治建设;深化农村集体产权制度改革,因地制宜推进制度创新。
英文摘要
        It is of great significance to promote agricultural supply-side reform through science and technology progress. This paper introduces the perspective of collective action, to provide enlightenments for understanding how to promote agricultural technological progress. The decline of collective action in rural commons governance and public goods provision is a major obstacle for technological progress, especially for the diffusion of collective technology. The dilemma of rural collective action can be attributed to ten factors. Meanwhile, there are four major factors conducive to rural collective action. To break the rural collective action dilemma and accelerate agricultural technological progress, it is necessary to enhance the capacity of rural collective action adopting an overall perspective. The policy implications of this analysis include the follows:empowering grassroots autonomy, governance capacity and the construction of public service system; developing actively professional services of agricultural production and rural cooperation governance; promoting the E-commerce and E-government in rural areas; strengthening the construction of rural culture, democracy and the rule of law; deepening the reform of rural collective property rights system, and enhancing institutional innovation in accordance with local conditions.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.2017.10.007
作者简介
王亚华 清华大学公共管理学院教授、博士生导师,清华大学中国农村研究院副院长,清华大学国情研究院副院长。主要研究方向为公共事物治理与公共政策、资源环境管理与水治理。已在国内外重要刊物发表学术论文百余篇,提交各种内参报告近百件,出版学术著作10余部。主持各类基金课题和国家部委委托课题30余项,科研成果获得多届中国高校人文社会科学研究优秀成果奖及省部级科研成果奖。担任国家社会科学基金重大项目首席专家,教育部"新世纪优秀人才计划"、北京市社科理论人才"百人工程"入选者。E-mail:wangyahua@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
Wang Yahua Professor of the School of Public Policy and Management,Tsinghua University.He is the Vice President,China Institute for Rural Studies,and Deputy Dean,Institute for Contemporary China Studies,Tsinghua University.Professor Wang's main research fields include commons governance and public policy,natural resources and water management.He has published 10 books and more than 100 papers in international and domestic core journals.He was the principal investigator of more than 30 research projects funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China,National Social Science Foundation of China,Ministries of Chinese Government and international organizations.Professor Wang was selected by the Ministry of Education of China as "Supporting Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University",the New Fostering Candidates of Social Science Theory Youngsters "one Hundred Project" in Beijing.He has also won numerous awards including Excellent Young Professor Award,Tsinghua University;Outstanding Faculty Award,Tsinghua University;the National Awards to Excellent Scientific Output in Humanities&Social Sciences.E-mail:wangyahua@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
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