姚檀栋,朴世龙,沈妙根,高晶,杨威,张国庆,类延斌,高杨,朱立平,徐柏青,余武生,李生海.印度季风与西风相互作用在现代青藏高原产生连锁式环境效应[J].中国科学院院刊,2017,(9):976-984.

印度季风与西风相互作用在现代青藏高原产生连锁式环境效应

Chained Impacts on Modern Environment of Interaction between Westerlies and Indian Monsoon on Tibetan Plateau
作者
姚檀栋
中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心 北京 100101;中国科学院青藏高原研究所 北京 100101
Yao Tandong
Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
朴世龙
中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心 北京 100101;中国科学院青藏高原研究所 北京 100101;北京大学 城市与环境学院生态学系 北京 100871
Piao Shilong
Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Department of Ecology, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
沈妙根
中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心 北京 100101;中国科学院青藏高原研究所 北京 100101
Shen Miaogen
Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
高晶
中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心 北京 100101;中国科学院青藏高原研究所 北京 100101
Gao Jing
Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
杨威
中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心 北京 100101;中国科学院青藏高原研究所 北京 100101
Yang Wei
Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
张国庆
中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心 北京 100101;中国科学院青藏高原研究所 北京 100101
Zhang Guoqing
Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
类延斌
中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心 北京 100101;中国科学院青藏高原研究所 北京 100101
Lei Yanbin
Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
高杨
中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心 北京 100101;中国科学院青藏高原研究所 北京 100101
Gao Yang
Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
朱立平
中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心 北京 100101;中国科学院青藏高原研究所 北京 100101
Zhu Liping
Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
徐柏青
中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心 北京 100101;中国科学院青藏高原研究所 北京 100101
Xu Baiqing
Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
余武生
中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心 北京 100101;中国科学院青藏高原研究所 北京 100101
Yu Wusheng
Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
李生海
中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心 北京 100101
Li Shenghai
Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
中文关键词
         西风;印度季风;青藏高原;环境效应
英文关键词
        westerlies;Indian monsoon;Tibetan Plateau;environmental impact
中文摘要
        西风与印度季风两大环流是控制青藏高原气候与环境变化的决定性因素。研究显示两大环流的影响范围和程度具有明显的空间分异:基于降水稳定同位素实测与模型模拟发现青藏高原现代西风与印度季风的相互作用特征表现为3种模态,即印度季风模态、西风模态和过渡模态。基于湖泊沉积记录的分析,发现3种模态主控范围在历史时期不断发生变化。3种模态对现代青藏高原环境产生连锁式环境效应,使得该区的冰川、湖泊、生态系统变化具有明显的区域特征,具体表现为印度季风模态的冰川强烈退缩,湖泊趋于萎缩;西风模态的冰川趋于稳定甚至部分出现前进,湖泊趋于扩张;过渡模态的冰川退缩程度减弱,湖泊变化不明显。西风模态的植被返青期提前,印度季风模态的植被返青期推后,而过渡模态的植被过程比较复杂。
英文摘要
        The westerlies and the Indian monsoon are the primary atmospheric circulations impacting climate and environmental changes on the Tibetan Plateau. Our results reveal that both the intensity and extent influenced by these two circulations display distinct spatial and temporal patterns. Based on both the in-situ oxygen stable isotope in precipitation and simulation from high resolution isotopic GCM models, three modes of interaction between the westerlies and the Indian monsoon (the westerlies model; the transitional model; and the monsoonal model) were founded on the Tibetan Plateau. The lake sediment further evidence that the extents of three model domains display the temporally change. We also found three distinct change patterns of glaciers, lakes, and ecosystem on the Tibetan Plateau which corresponded to three models of interaction between the westerlies and the Indian monsoon. In the monsoon domain, it is characterized with greatest glacial retreat, widespread reduction in lake area, and the delay in green-up dates; in contrast, the stable or even increasing glacial volumes, significant lake expansion, and an advance in green-up dates were found in the westerlies domain; the relative complex process of glaciers, lakes, and ecosystem occurs in the transitional domain.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.2017.09.007
作者简介
姚檀栋, 中科院院士,中科院青藏高原所所长、研究员。长期从事第三极冰川与环境研究,发起并推进了"第三极环境(TPE)"国际计划,开拓和发展了中国山地冰芯及青藏高原地球系统科学研究。他通过青藏高原降水稳定同位素揭示了西风-印度季风相互作用的 3 种模态,并发现这直接影响目前气候背景下青藏高原的冰川与湖泊变化。这些科学成果先后在国际高端科学杂志发表,并产生了重要国际影响。文章发表以后的引用率达到0.01%的高被引论文行列,姚檀栋所带领的研究团队是汤森路透知识产权与科技事业部(现 Clarivate Analytics公司)评选出的2015年和2016年地学十大前沿领域的第一方阵。曾获得何梁何利奖和多项国家自然科学奖。2017年,鉴于他在青藏高原冰川和环境研究方面所作出的贡献,被瑞典人类学和地理学会授予维加奖。E-mail:tdyao@itpcas.ac.cn
Yao Tandong,Having been spending years studying Third Pole glaciers and environment, he is an elected member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). As the initiator and promoter of the international programme of Third Pole Environment (TPE), Prof. Yao spearheaded the research on Chinese mountain ice cores and the Tibetan Plateau Earth System. He identified the three modes of westerly-monsoon interaction using Tibetan Plateau precipitation stable isotopes, which, as he revealed, directly affect how glaciers and lakes change on Tibetan Plateau in current climate. Prof. Yao's findings have been published in reputable international journals and bear considerable influence, as his works are among the 0.01% most cited papers. The research group led by Prof. Yao is among the top ones on the 10 major frontiers of geosciences listed by Thomson Reuters in 2015 and 2016. Prof. Yao has won, among others, the Ho Leung Ho Lee Foundation Award for Scientific and Technological Progress. In 2017, Prof. Yao is awarded the Vega Medal for his contributions to research on glaciers and the environment on the Tibetan Plateau. E-mail:tdyao@itpcas.ac.cn
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