樊杰,钟林生,李建平,陈田,黄宝荣,虞虎,陈东,王亚飞,郭锐.建设第三极国家公园群是西藏落实主体功能区大战略、走绿色发展之路的科学抉择[J].中国科学院院刊,2017,(9):932-944.

建设第三极国家公园群是西藏落实主体功能区大战略、走绿色发展之路的科学抉择

Third Pole National Park Group Construction is Scientific Choice for Implementing Strategy of Major Function Zoning and Green Development in Tibet, China
作者
樊杰
中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 北京 100101;中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院 北京 100190;中国科学院大学 北京 100049
Fan Jie
Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Institute of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
钟林生
中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 北京 100101;中国科学院大学 北京 100049
Zhong Linsheng
Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
李建平
中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院 北京 100190;中国科学院大学 北京 100049
Li Jianping
Institute of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
陈田
中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 北京 100101;中国科学院大学 北京 100049
Chen Tian
Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
黄宝荣
中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院 北京 100190;中国科学院大学 北京 100049
Huang Baorong
Institute of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
虞虎
中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 北京 100101
Yu Hu
Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
陈东
中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 北京 100101
Chen Dong
Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
王亚飞
中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 北京 100101
Wang Yafei
Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
郭锐
中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院 北京 100190
Guo Rui
Institute of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
中文关键词
         第三极;国家公园;西藏;绿色发展;主体功能区战略
英文关键词
        Third Pole;national park;Tibet;green development;strategy of major function zoning
中文摘要
        建设第三极国家公园群是我国西藏自治区落实主体功能区大战略、走绿色发展之路的科学抉择。通过对西藏发展新动能转换、中央对西藏的发展定位以及人类消费需求增长趋势的分析,阐释了第三极国家公园群建设符合西藏可持续发展规律的基本认识。提出了把保护传承和改善优化自然与人文生态系统放在国家公园群建设的优先地位、作为国家主导的西藏富民兴藏和造福全人类的重要抓手,以及必须坚持科学研究、科学规划、科学管理的科学发展模式。借鉴国内外国家公园的建设经验和研究选题,形成了西藏国家公园群建设的研究框架,确定了以第三极国家公园群建设规划方案为核心,规划前向开展第三极国家公园群自然资源和人文遗产价值、旅游环境容量和山水林田湖系统提升潜力的基础研究,规划后向开展第三极国家公园群资源监测技术与运营管理信息平台开发,为把第三极国家公园群建成全球最具影响力和吸引力的国家公园群提供系统的科技支撑。
英文摘要
        Third Pole national park group construction is the scientific choice for implementing the strategy of major function zoning and green development in Tibet, China. This study demonstrates that building Third Pole national park group fits for the rules of sustainable development based on analyses of transformation of Tibet's development driving-forces, development positioning by central government of China, and increasing growth trend of human consumption demand. It is proposed that protecting heritage and improving natural and humanistic ecosystem should be put in priority to the construction of national park group, and act as an important driver in Tibet's action of ‘bring prosperity to border areas and the local people’ and whole mankind's well-being. And it should insist on the scientific development model with scientific research, scientific planning, and scientific management. Based on international theoretical and practical experience in national park field, this study proposed a research framework for Tibet national park construction, put the program of building Third Pole national park group as the core. It is also suggested:(1) carry out fundamental research in the value of natural and cultural resources of the national park group, tourism environmental capacity, and the potential of landscape forest land system improvement before planning; (2) develop technologies for natural resources and environmental monitoring in the Third Pole national park group and management information platform after planning. The purpose of this study is to provide systematic technical support for building the Third Pole national park group with global reputation and attraction.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.2017.09.002
作者简介
樊杰, 博士, 中科院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室主任,中科院战略咨询院副院长、研究员。1982年毕业于北京大学地理系, 是国家发改委"十三五规划"专家委员会委员、国家审计署资源环境审计工作咨询专家、中国国际工程咨询公司专家委员会顾问。长期从事区域发展战略咨询和空间规划研制工作。担任"全国主体功能区规划"技术负责人,牵头完成了国务院部署的汶川、玉树、舟曲、芦山、鲁甸灾后重建规划的资源环境承载能力评价任务。目前正在组织开展中央深改任务"全国资源环境承载能力监测预警""省级空间规划试点"等科研项目。发表学术论著 200 余篇(部)。E-mail:fanj@igsnrr.ac.cn
Fan Jie, Doctor, Professor, graduated from Department of Geography, Peking University in 1982, now serves as Deputy Director of Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Director of Centre for Sustainable Development Research, CAS, Member of 13th Five-Year Plan Committee of National Development and Reform Commission, Resources and Environment Audit Expert of National Audit Office, and Advisory Committee Member of China International Engineering Consulting Corporation. He has a long career of regional development strategy consulting and space planning. He is the technical leader of "Major Function Oriented Zoning" project, and leaded the evaluation of resources and environmental carrying capacity of post-disaster reconstruction of Wenchuan, Yushu, Zhouqu, Lushan, and Ludian, deployed by the State Council. He is now working on the projects of "National Resources and Environmental Carrying Capacity Monitoring and Early Warning" and "Provincial Spatial Planning Pilot". He has published more than 200 academic papers and monographs. E-mail:fanj@igsnrr.ac.cn
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