姚檀栋,陈发虎,崔鹏,马耀明,徐柏青,朱立平,张凡,王伟财,艾丽坤,杨晓新.从青藏高原到第三极和泛第三极[J].中国科学院院刊,2017,(9):924-931.

从青藏高原到第三极和泛第三极

From Tibetan Plateau to Third Pole and Pan-Third Pole
作者
姚檀栋
中国科学院青藏高原研究所 北京 100101;中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心 北京 100101
Yao Tandong
Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
陈发虎
中国科学院青藏高原研究所 北京 100101;中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心 北京 100101
Chen Fahu
Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
崔鹏
中国科学院青藏高原研究所 北京 100101;中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心 北京 100101
Cui Peng
Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
马耀明
中国科学院青藏高原研究所 北京 100101;中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心 北京 100101
Ma Yaoming
Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
徐柏青
中国科学院青藏高原研究所 北京 100101;中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心 北京 100101
Xu Baiqing
Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
朱立平
中国科学院青藏高原研究所 北京 100101;中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心 北京 100101
Zhu Liping
Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
张凡
中国科学院青藏高原研究所 北京 100101;中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心 北京 100101
Zhang Fan
Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
王伟财
中国科学院青藏高原研究所 北京 100101;中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心 北京 100101
Wang Weicai
Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
艾丽坤
中国科学院青藏高原研究所 北京 100101;中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心 北京 100101
Ai Likun
Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
杨晓新
中国科学院青藏高原研究所 北京 100101;中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心 北京 100101
Yang Xiaoxin
Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
中文关键词
         青藏高原;第三极;泛第三极;“一带一路”倡议
英文关键词
        Tibetan Plateau (TP);Third Pole;Pan-Third Pole;the Belt and Road Initiative
中文摘要
        青藏高原对我国、亚洲甚至北半球的人类生存环境和可持续发展起着重要的环境和生态屏障作用。以青藏高原为核心的第三极以及受其影响的东亚、南亚、中亚、西亚、中东欧等泛第三极地区,面积约2 000多万平方公里,涵盖20多个国家的30多亿人口,是“一带一路”的核心地带和全球人口分布最密集区。随着“一带一路”重大倡议的推进,泛第三极环境变化的重要性受到全球关注。泛第三极地区已经出现重大资源环境问题,如何保护这一地区资源环境的可持续性是“一带一路”建设实施面临的重大挑战。实施“泛第三极环境变化与绿色丝绸之路建设”专项,将从区域甚至全球尺度深入研究这一地区的资源环境科学问题,前瞻、科学地提出区域可持续发展协同应对战略,为“守护好世界上最后一方净土”和“一带一路”建设服务。
英文摘要
        The Tibetan Plateau (TP) plays a crucial role in human existence environment and sustainable development, and acts as environmental and ecological barrier for China, Asia, and even for the Northern Hemisphere. TP is the core region of the Third Pole. TP and its surroundings including Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Central Asia, Western Asia, and Middle-central Europe can be called as Pan-Third Pole, which covers an area larger than 20 million km2 and contains more than 20 countries and 3 billion people. Pan-Third Pole is the most densely populated area on the earth and highly coincidence with the core area of the Belt and Road countries. Importance of environmental changes over the Pan-Third Pole attracted global attention for executing the Belt and Road Initiative strategy. Severe problems emerging for the resources and environment fields over the Pan-Third Pole regions, how to protect the sustainability of resources and environment become great challenges for the Belt and Road Initiative. The "Pan-Third Pole Environment Change Study for Green Silk Road Development" project concerns scientific issues on resources and environment issues over the Pan-Third Pole region from regional to global scale, provides prospective and scientific solutions for regional sustainable development coordinated response strategy, and finally protects on the "Last Pure Land" and serves the Belt and Road Initiative.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.2017.09.001
作者简介
姚檀栋, 中科院院士,中科院青藏高原所所长、研究员。长期从事第三极冰川与环境研究,发起并推进了"第三极环境(TPE)"国际计划,开拓和发展了中国山地冰芯及青藏高原地球系统科学研究。他通过青藏高原降水稳定同位素揭示了西风-印度季风相互作用的 3 种模态,并发现这直接影响目前气候背景下青藏高原的冰川与湖泊变化。这些科学成果先后在国际高端科学杂志发表,并产生了重要国际影响。文章发表以后的引用率达到 0.01%的高被引论文行列,姚檀栋所带领的研究团队是汤森路透知识产权与科技事业部 (现 Clarivate Analytics 公司)评选出的 2015 年和 2016 年地学十大前沿领域的第一方阵。曾获得何梁何利奖和多项国家自然科学奖。2017年,鉴于其在青藏高原冰川和环境研究方面所作出的贡献,被瑞典人类学和地理学会授予维加奖。E-mail:tdyao@itpcas.ac.cn
Yao Tandong, Having been spending years studying Third Pole glaciers and environment, he is an elected member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). As the initiator and promoter of the international programme of Third Pole Environment (TPE), Prof. Yao spearheaded the research on Chinese mountain ice cores and the Tibetan Plateau Earth System. He identified the three modes of westerly-monsoon interaction using Tibetan Plateau precipitation stable isotopes, which, as he revealed, directly affect how glaciers and lakes change on Tibetan Plateau in current climate. Prof. Yao's findings have been published in reputable international journals and bear considerable influence, as his works are among the 0.01% most cited papers. The research group led by Prof. Yao is among the top ones on the 10 major frontiers of geosciences listed by Thomson Reuters in 2015 and 2016. Prof. Yao has won, among others, the Ho Leung Ho Lee Foundation Award for Scientific and Technological Progress. In 2017, Prof. Yao is awarded the Vega Medal for his contributions to research on glaciers and the environment on the Tibetan Plateau. E-mail:tdyao@itpcas.ac.cn
微信关注公众号