李芝倩,陈凯,杨芳颖,黄勇平.适用于入侵害虫治理的遗传调控技术[J].中国科学院院刊,2017,(8):836-844.

适用于入侵害虫治理的遗传调控技术

Application of genetic regulation technique for invasive pest management
作者
李芝倩
中国科学院上海生命科学研究院 上海 200032
Li Zhiqian
Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032, China
陈凯
中国科学院上海生命科学研究院 上海 200032
Chen Kai
Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032, China
杨芳颖
中国科学院上海生命科学研究院 上海 200032
Yang Fangying
Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032, China
黄勇平
中国科学院上海生命科学研究院 上海 200032
Huang Yongping
Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032, China
中文关键词
         生物入侵;综合防治;遗传调控
英文关键词
        biological invasion;integrated management;genetic regulation
中文摘要
        “生物入侵”是指某种生物从外地自然传入或人为引种后成为野生状态,并对本地生态系统造成一定危害的现象。在缺乏天敌和其他制约因子存在的前提下,入侵种能够快速繁殖和扩增并对当地的生态环境、生物多样性和经济造成严重的损失。随着全球化进程的发展,生物入侵变得更加普遍并且危害更加严重,加强入侵种的治理至关重要。由于传统的物理和化学方法在入侵种防治中存在着一些难以解决的问题,开发和利用无污染、无公害的遗传调控技术在生物入侵种的综合治理方面就显得非常迫切。文章针对我国入侵害虫的现状、主要入侵方式及目前的防治措施进行了总结,同时对遗传调控技术及其在生物入侵种综合治理方面的应用进行了阐述,以期为我国生物入侵的科学治理提供参考。
英文摘要
        Biological invasion is defined as exotic species invading a new area naturally or artificially, thus bringing harm to the local ecological system. Since no natural enemies for the exotic species existed in the local ecological environment, population of the invasion species increases dramatically and destroys local ecological environment, biodiversity, and economy. Recently, frequency and hazard of biological invasion are increasing along with the globalization. However, the current controlling strategy for invasion species relies on physical and chemical methods largely, which brings severe pollution to the environment and living organisms. Therefore, developing of new method such as genetic regulation technique (GRT) of less labor-dependent and environmental friendly is urgently needed. Here we summarized the current situation of biological invasion in China and described the development of GRT method. It is our expectation that the information included in this paper will offer a general view for future biological invasion management.
作者简介
李芝倩 中科院上海植物生理生态所助理研究员。主要从事利用遗传转化和基因组编辑技术进行家蚕性别决定的遗传调控研究,并将这些原理和方法应用于其他鳞翅目昆虫。相关研究成果以第一作者身份发表在Proceedings of the Royal Society B:Biological Sciences,International Journal of Biological Sciences,Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology等杂志上。E-mail:lizhiqian@sibs.ac.cn
Li Zhiqian Assistant Professor of Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology,Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).She graduated from the Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology,CAS at 2015 and her supervisor was Professor Huang Yongping.Her researches cover the genetic regulation of insect sexual ration including silkworm and a few lepidopteran pests.The related research findings have been published in the international journals including Proceedings of the Royal Society B:Biological Sciences,International Journal of Biological Sciences,Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology,and so on.E-mail:lizhiqian@sibs.ac.cn
黄勇平 男,中科院上海植物生理生态所研究员。中国昆虫学会副理事长,昆虫分子遗传与昆虫基因组领域专家。曾任亚太化学生态学学会主席。主要研究领域包括:昆虫性别决定的分子机理及其在种群遗传调控中的应用。E-mail:yphuang@sibs.ac.cn
Huang Yongping Male,Professor of Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology,CAS.He is the Vice President of Chinese Entomological Society,and the expert of insect molecular genetics and genomics now.And he was the chairman of Asian-Pacific Association of Chemical Ecology.His current research interests include the molecular mechanism of insect sex determination and its application in population genetic management.E-mail:yphuang@sibs.ac.cn
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