樊杰.我国空间治理体系现代化在“十九大”后的新态势[J].中国科学院院刊,2017,(4):396-404.

我国空间治理体系现代化在“十九大”后的新态势

Perspective of China's Spatial Governance System after 19th CPC National Congress
作者
樊杰
中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 北京 100101;中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院 北京 100190;中国科学院大学资源与环境学院 北京 100049
Fan Jie
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
中文关键词
         十九大;空间治理;主体功能区;空间规划;生态文明
英文关键词
        19th CPC National Congress;spatial governance;major function oriented zones;spatial planning;ecological civilization
中文摘要
        “立法为本、规划先行”是空间治理体系现代化的核心内容,能否合理规制国土空间、建设美丽家园是衡量执政能力和水平的重要标志。“十九大”后,我国空间治理体系和空间治理能力将加快科学化、法制化、系统化、民主化的进程。主要表现在:主体功能区的基础性地位将趋于增强,主体功能区规划将扮演发展类规划和布局类规划旋转门的角色,主体功能区战略将成为指引我国国土空间有序发展的长期性和稳定性的重大战略,主体功能区制度将在生态文明建设中发挥基础性制度的作用;覆盖全国国土的空间规划体系将基本建成,通过全国、省、县为中国基本空间规划单元,以跨省级行政区、跨地市、跨市县域的区域规划为补充的空间规划体系,规范国家和地方不同空间尺度的国土资源合理配置、空间结构合理组织、区域政策合理实施;以国土空间开发保护制度为核心的生态文明制度得以确立,实施增强空间管制能力、提升科学管理水平、扩大资源承载能力、改善生态环境质量和增强市场作用力度等五大行动。
英文摘要
        "Legislation-based, planning-oriented" is the core of modernization of spatial governance system, and whether we can reasonably planning the territory space and build beautiful homeland is an important indication of governance capacity. After 19th CPC National Congress, there will be an accelerating process of science, legalization, systematization, and democratization on China's spatial governance system and its capacity, which will mainly display in the following respects. Firstly, the major function oriented zones will tend to enhance its fundamental position of spatial planning, the major function oriented zoning will play "revolving door" role between development-planning and layoutplanning, the major function oriented zoning strategy will be significant towards long-term and stable development of territory space, and the major function oriented zoning institution will play increasing fundamental role in ecological civilization. Secondly, a spatial planning system covering all around the territory space will be initially completed, which with nation, province, and county as its basic units, with regional planning cross provincial district, prefecture-level city, and county as supplementary, aiming at regulating allocation of territorial resources, organization of spatial structure, implementation of regional policy at national, regional, and different spatial level. Thirdly, a ecological civilization system, with development-protection institution of territory space as its core, will be established to implement "Five Actions" including enhancing the ability of space governance, enhancing scientific management level, expanding resources carrying capacity, improving the quality of ecological environment, and enhancing market dynamics.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.2017.04.010
作者简介
樊杰,中科院战略咨询院副院长、中科院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室主任,博士,研究员。1982年毕业于北京大学地理系,是国家发改委"十三五规划"专家委员会委员、国家审计署资源环境审计工作咨询专家、中国国际工程咨询公司专家委员会顾问。长期从事区域发展战略咨询和空间规划研制工作。担任"全国主体功能区规划"技术负责人,牵头完成了国务院部署的汶川、玉树、舟曲、芦山、鲁甸灾后重建规划的资源环境承载能力评价任务。目前正在组织开展中央深改任务"全国资源环境承载能力监测预警""省级空间规划试点"等科研项目。发表学术论著200余篇(部)。E-mail:fanj@igsnrr.ac.cn
Fan Jie Doctor,Professor,graduated from Department of Geography,Peking University in 1982,now serves as Deputy Director of Institutes of Science and Development,Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS),Director of Centre for Sustainable Development Research,CAS,Member of 13th Five-Year Plan Committee of National Development and Reform Commission,Resources and Environment Audit Expert of National Audit Office,and Advisory Committee Member of China International Engineering Consulting Corporation.He has a long career of regional development strategy consulting and space planning.He is the technical leader of "Major Function Oriented Zoning" project,and leaded the evaluation of resources and environmental carrying capacity of post-disaster reconstruction of Wenchuan,Yushu,Zhouqu,Lushan,and Ludian, deployed by the State Council.He is now working on the projects of"National Resources and Environmental Carrying Capacity Monitoring and Early Warning "and" Provincial Spatial Planning Pilot".He has published more than 200 academic papers and monographs. E-mail:fanj@igsnrr.ac.cn
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