叶尔肯·吾扎提,张薇,刘志高.我国在“一带一路”沿线海外园区建设模式研究[J].中国科学院院刊,2017,(4):355-362.

我国在“一带一路”沿线海外园区建设模式研究

Development Modes of China's Overseas Industrial Parks along the Belt and Road
作者
叶尔肯·吾扎提
中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 北京 100101;中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室 北京 100101
Wuzhati Yeerken
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
张薇
中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 北京 100101;中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室 北京 100101;中国科学院大学 北京 100049
Zhang Wei
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
刘志高
中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 北京 100101;中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室 北京 100101
Liu Zhigao
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
中文关键词
         "一带一路";海外园区;模式;中国
英文关键词
        the Belt and Road Initiative;overseas industrial park;mode;China
中文摘要
        海外园区建设既是“一带一路”建设的主要内容,也是我国与沿线国家经贸合作的重要平台。随着“一带一路”建设工作逐步推进,我国在沿线国家建设海外园区方面取得了巨大成效,然而也面临着诸多困境与挑战。因此,如何在认识我国海外园区建设中存在问题的基础上,借鉴国际海外园区建设经验探索合适的园区建设模式,规范引导各类海外园区建设,成为当前“一带一路”建设的重大理论和实践问题。文章从海外园区建设缘起、分布与类型、建设主体及存在问题方面评估了我国在“一带一路”沿线国家已建境外园区发展情况,总结了国内外境外园区建设主要模式及其对我国在“一带一路”建设海外园区的启示,并提出了推进我国“一带一路”海外园区建设的政策建议。研究表明,政府高层推动建设型、园区开发公司为主导力量建设型、民营企业建设型等是我国海外园区建设可借鉴的三种模式,国家需要加强对海外园区的统筹规划,牵头组织实施具有战略或示范意义的海外园区建设,探讨开放包容性园区发展模式。
英文摘要
        Overseas industrial parks are not only the main content of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), but also a significant platform for the economic and trade cooperation between China and the countries along the Belt and Road. With the advancement of the Belt and Road, China has made remarkable achievements in the development of overseas industrial parks in countries along the Belt and Road, but also face many difficulties and challenges. Therefore, how to guide the development of various overseas industrial parks has become a major theoretical and practical problem. This paper has evaluated the developing situations of the overseas industrial parks in the countries along Belt and Road from their development origins, distributions and types, construction participants and existing problems, concluded the successful modes of overseas industrial parks as well as their enlightenment on China's BRI, and come up with policies and suggestions for promoting overseas industrial parks of China. It has been shown by research that the three modes, high-level official driven mode, China's industrial park construction companies driven mode, and civilian-run enterprise driven mode, are referential for the development of China's overseas industrial parks. It is necessary for the China's government to strengthen the overall planning of overseas industrial parks, organize and implement the overseas industrial parks construction with strategic or exemplary significance and explore the open and inclusive industrial parks mode.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.2017.04.004
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