郭书海,吴波,张玲妍,罗明.土壤环境大数据:构建与应用[J].中国科学院院刊,2017,(2):202-208.

土壤环境大数据:构建与应用

Soil Environmental Big Data: Construction and Application
作者
郭书海
中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 沈阳 110016;污染土壤生物-物化协同修复技术国家地方联合工程实验室 沈阳 110016;辽宁省土壤环境大数据工程技术研究中心 沈阳 110016
Guo Shuhai
Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China;National-Local Joint Engineering Laboratory of Contaminated Soil Remediation by Bio-physicochemical Synergistic Process, Shenyang 110016, China;Liaoning Engineering Technology & Research Center of Soil Environmental Big Data, Shenyang 110016, China
吴波
中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 沈阳 110016;污染土壤生物-物化协同修复技术国家地方联合工程实验室 沈阳 110016;辽宁省土壤环境大数据工程技术研究中心 沈阳 110016
Wu Bo
Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China;National-Local Joint Engineering Laboratory of Contaminated Soil Remediation by Bio-physicochemical Synergistic Process, Shenyang 110016, China;Liaoning Engineering Technology & Research Center of Soil Environmental Big Data, Shenyang 110016, China
张玲妍
中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 沈阳 110016;污染土壤生物-物化协同修复技术国家地方联合工程实验室 沈阳 110016;辽宁省土壤环境大数据工程技术研究中心 沈阳 110016
Zhang Lingyan
Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China;National-Local Joint Engineering Laboratory of Contaminated Soil Remediation by Bio-physicochemical Synergistic Process, Shenyang 110016, China;Liaoning Engineering Technology & Research Center of Soil Environmental Big Data, Shenyang 110016, China
罗明
国土资源部土地整治重点实验室 北京 100035
Luo Ming
Key Laboratory of LandConsolidation and Rehabilitation Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100035, China
中文关键词
         土壤环境;大数据;数字化管理;多介质协同治理;农产品质量安全
英文关键词
        soil environmental;big data;digital management;multi-media synergetic remediation;quality safety of agricultural products
中文摘要
        文章从大数据特征分析入手,分析了国内外大数据在环境领域的发展状况,阐明了我国土壤环境大数据发展的数据基础与瓶颈问题,提出了土壤环境大数据系统的构建方法与技术流程;并根据国家大数据发展战略与土壤环境领域的行业需求,建议统筹建立土壤环境大数据云平台、管理平台和专题应用平台,提供面向区域尺度土壤环境管理、多主体跨介质协同治理和农产品安全保障的公共服务与创新应用产品。
英文摘要
        Based on the analysis of big data's characteristics, development situation of environmental big data was illustrated. The data basis and problems of China's soil environmental big data were analyzed. The construction method and process of soil environmental big data were forwarded. According to the national big data strategy, cloud platform, management platform, and application platform of soil environmental big data were established in order to provide the public service and application products for regional scale soil environmental management, multi-media synergetic remediation, and agricultural product quality security.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.2017.02.011
作者简介
郭书海,中科院沈阳应用生态所研究员,污染土壤生物-物化协同修复技术国家地方联合工程实验室主任,入选中科院特聘研究员计划(核心骨干)。研究方向包括污染土壤风险评估与修复、土壤环境数据融合与挖掘等。近年承担"973""863"、国家重大科技专项、科技部国际合作、国家行业公益专项等课题11项。获得省部级科技奖励9项。E-mail:shuhaiguo@iae.ac.cn
Guo Shuhai Professor,Principal Research Scientist,Institute of Applied Ecology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,and Director of NationalLocal Joint Engineering Laboratory of Contaminated Soil Remediation by Bio-physicochemical Synergistic Process.His research mainly covers risk assessment and remediation of contaminated soils,and soil environmental data blending and mining.In recent years,he led 11 projects including "973" project, "863" project,national science and technology major project,international cooperation,and national public welfare project,and gained 9 provincial or ministerial science and technology awards.E-mail:shuhaiguo@iae.ac.cn
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