王俊秀.创业者与创业环境:个体与社会发展的视角[J].中国科学院院刊,2017,(2):148-156.

创业者与创业环境:个体与社会发展的视角

Entrepreneurs and Entrepreneurial Environment: Perspective of Individual and Social Development
作者
王俊秀
中国社会科学院社会学研究所 北京 100732
Wang Junxiu
Institute of Sociology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100732, China
中文关键词
         创新;社会发展;创新能力;创业意愿;创业心态
英文关键词
        innovation;social development;innovation ability;entrepreneurial intention;entrepreneurial mentality
中文摘要
        文章回顾了经典社会学理论中关于个体在社会发展中的作用,以及经典社会学理论对于之后研究的影响,特别是社会心态对社会发展的影响。采用创业社会心态调查的数据分析当前创业者的特点和创业环境的特点;对创业者年龄、受教育程度、创业动机、户口等方面的分析发现,目前并未形成一种新型创业者,潜在创业者与政府倡导的大众创业还有一定的差距。创业者认为当前环境非常适合创业的比例较低。人们感受到较大的创业风险,创业积极性不高。创新是影响创业的重要因素。创业者中选择创新型创业的比例并不高,从政策层面上推动大众创业要以更广泛的创新为基础。
英文摘要
        The study reviews the role of the individual in the development of society, and the influence of the social psychology on the development of the society, especially the influence of the social mentality. Using the survey data of the social mentality of entrepreneurs, the characteristics of the current entrepreneurs and the characteristics of the entrepreneurial environment are analyzed. According to the analysis of age, degree of education, entrepreneurial motivation, registered permanent residence, it is concluded that the new type of entrepreneurs has not formed. At present, there is a gap between the potential entrepreneurs and popular entrepreneurship. The proportion of entrepreneurs that believes the current environment is very suitable for entrepreneurship is low. People feel there is greater entrepreneurial risk, the entrepreneurial enthusiasm is not high. Innovation is also an important factor affecting entrepreneurship, but the proportion of innovative entrepreneurship is not high. To promote popular entrepreneurship should be based on innovation.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.2017.02.005
作者简介
王俊秀,中国社会科学院社会学研究所社会心理学研究室主任,研究员,博士生导师。《社会心态蓝皮书》《汽车社会蓝皮书》主编。主要研究领域包括:社会心态研究、社会空间研究、监控社会研究、风险社会和风险认知、汽车社会研究等。E-mail:casswjx@163.com
Wang Junxiu Director of Department of Social Psychology,Institute of Sociology,Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.Ph.D.,Research Fellow.Also serves as Editor-in-Chief of Blue Book Social Mentality and Blue Book of Auto Society.The main research areas include social mentality,social space,surveillant society,risk society and risk perception,auto society,and so on.E-mail:casswjx@163.com
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