李纾,刘欢,郑蕊.城镇化过程中的城镇位错效应[J].中国科学院院刊,2017,(2):128-137.

城镇化过程中的城镇位错效应

Town Dislocation Effect in Chinese Urbanization
作者
李纾
中国科学院心理研究所 行为科学重点实验室 北京 100101
Li Shu
CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
刘欢
中国科学院心理研究所 行为科学重点实验室 北京 100101;南昌大学 南昌 330031,liuh@psych.ac.cn
Liu Huan
CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China
郑蕊
中国科学院心理研究所 行为科学重点实验室 北京 100101,zhengrui@psych.ac.cn
Zheng Rui
CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
中文关键词
         城镇位错效应;城镇化;住地依恋;主客观指标;社会支持
英文关键词
        town dislocation;urbanization;place attachment;subjective & objective indices;social support
中文摘要
        理解并有效评估我国的城镇化建设对推进我国长期可持续发展至关重要。然而,人们对城镇化的评估结果却似乎与其所采用的评估方法(客观指标或主观指标)有关。通过对以往研究的综述,该研究发现,尽管评估地区的客观指标(如,文盲率)随着城镇化程度的升高而阶梯状改善,但是民众的主观指标却并没有随着中国城镇化水平的提高而上升。城市居民和农村居民在住地依恋的得分上大致相当,而原本预期得分介于两者之间的城镇居民则在住地依恋的得分上最低,该研究称这一“V形”现象为“城镇位错效应”。进一步的文献综述与调查分析显示,民众的住地依恋主要受到人口统计学指标、人际关系与物理环境的影响。建议在城镇化的评估中,结合使用客观指标与主观指标。
英文摘要
        Understanding urbanization and evaluating its effects are vital in formulating Chinese sustainable development. The results obtained from evaluating the effects of urbanization, however, depend on the type of measurement used (adopting subjective and objective indices). Through a review of previous studies, the present study found that the objective index improved monotonically along with urbanization in China, whereas the subjective index, place attachment, did not improve along with the urbanization level in China. The assessment scores from the city dwellers did not differ significantly from those in the country areas and, more surprisingly, both were significantly higher than the assessment scores of the town dwellers, which were expected to fall between the assessment scores of the country and city dwellers. The present study dubbed this V-shaped relationship the "town dislocation effect". Further literature reviews and data analysis showed that place attachment is affected mainly by demographic variables, social support, and physical environment. Therefore, people should focus on both objective and subjective indices in the assessment of urbanization in China.
DOI10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.2017.02.003
作者简介
李纾中,科院心理所二级研究员,博士生导师。博士(新南威尔士大学)。中科院"引进国外杰出人才""百人计划"入选者,享受国务院特殊津贴专家。现为中科院心理所学术委员会主任,中国心理学会决策心理学专业委员会创会主任,Judgment and Decision Making期刊顾问,《心理学报》《心理科学进展》副主编。在Journal of BehavioralDecision Making,Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes,Judgment and Decision Making,Thinking andReasoning,Journal of Environmental Psychology等期刊发表行为决策相关论文约200篇。E-mail:lishu@psych.ac.cn
Li Shu Professor and Chairman of the Academic Committee at the Institute of Psychology,Chinese Academy of Sciences (Ph.D.UNSW). He is a State Council Expert for Special Allowance,the founding president of the Committee of Psychology in Decision Making,Chinese Psychological Society,Consulting Editor of Judgment and Decision Making,Associate Editor of Acta Psychologica Sinica and Advances in Psychological Science.His research interests are in the area of behavioral decision making.His published research in both Chinese and English has appeared in more than five-dozen journals including Journal of Behavioral Decision Making,Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes,Judgment and Decision Making,Thinking and Reasoning,and Journal of Environmental Psychology. E-mail:lishu@psych.ac.cn
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